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The Basics of Taxation

Why Do I Pay Property Taxes?
Taxes are levied on owners of property to pay for basic services such as garbage and snow removal, community health programs, water supply and waste treatment, solid waste facilities, arterial roads, planning and growth management, social and children's services, policing, fire protection, emergency response programs, public libraries, parks & recreation, elementary and high school education.

For more information on the budget, click here.

How Is My Property Tax Calculated?
Your taxes are calculated by multiplying the property assessment, as shown on your tax bill, by the applicable tax rate, according to property tax class.

The tax rate for each property class is calculated by multiplying the tax ratio for the property class by the base tax rates determined by Richmond Hill to meet the annual requirements for the provision of its services. Similar processes are used to set the Region of York tax rates. Education rates are established by the Province of Ontario each year.

The determination of property assessment values is the independent responsibility of the Municipal Property Assessment Corporation (MPAC). The Assessment Office uses the current value assessment approach in determining property assessment.

Use our residential property Tax Calculator to calculate your tax payment distribution.

If you have any questions with respect to your assessment, you may contact MPAC at (866) 296-6722.

Current Value Assessment

An Explanation of Tax Ratios and Rates

Tax Ratios
Tax ratios define the relative tax burden across the property classes, and affect the ultimate rates for each class. Tax ratios must be set within flexibility ranges determined from Provincial regulations for each region. Tax ratios are set by the Region of York Council and are applied region-wide.

  2003
2004-2008
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013-2016
Residential property class 1.0000
1.0000
1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
Multi-residential property class 1.0000
1.0000
1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
Commercial property class 1.1000
1.2070
1.2070 1.1800 1.1431 1.1172 1.1172
Industrial property class 1.3000
1.3737
1.3737 1.3575 1.3305 1.3124 1.3124
Pipelines property class 0.9190
0.9190
0.9190 0.9190 0.9190 0.9190 0.9190
Farm property class (established by Province) 0.2500
0.2500
0.2500 0.2500 0.2500 0.2500 0.2500
Managed forest property class 0.2500
0.2500
0.2500 0.2500 0.2500 0.2500 0.2500

As a result, for equal assessment value, the total commercial property class, including its subclasses will pay 1.1172 times more tax than equal assessed value in the residential property class. These ratios are then used to calculate the actual tax rates for each property class, based on the budgeted tax levy requirements.

Tax Rates
Each year, each municipality will set the base tax rate on the basis of the tax ratios and the annual requirements separately for Richmond Hill services. School tax rates are set by the Province and Regional taxes are set by the Region of York Council.

The Regional Municipality of York approves 1.54 per cent increase for 2014
York Region manages growth while being fiscally prudent.

The 2014 York Region budget provides residents with high quality services in areas such as transit, community and health services, policing, water and wastewater and roads. The 2014 Business Plan and Budget approved by York Regional Council includes $1.2 billion in funding for capital projects and $1.8 billion for the delivery of services to residents and businesses. Also, an enhanced fiscal strategy will lower long-term debt by $1.4 billion, increase our reserves by $1.2 billion, enable the Region to pay off debt faster and save taxpayers $175 million over 10 years.

The 1.54 per cent tax increase continues York Region’s record of low tax increases.

Highlights of the 2014 Operating Budget:
• $278.1 million for York Regional Police, adding 16 police officers and 30 civilian staff
• $31.7 million for Emergency Medical Services, including 18 additional paramedics
• $101.8 million for YRT/Viva to provide approximately 1.2 million hours of transit service to a projected 24 million riders

Highlights of the 2014 Capital Budget:
• $218 million for construction of the Toronto-York Spadina Subway Extension
• $92 million for construction of the York Durham Sewage System (YDSS) Southeast Collector
• $69 million for construction of Bus Rapid Transit facilities and terminals

Where your 2014 tax dollar goes
image of a dollar with percentage breakdowns










How Can I Appeal My Taxes?
You may appeal your property assessment or in very limited cases, you may appeal your taxes.

Tax appeals may be filed for reasons set out in Section 357 and 358 of the Municipal Act, including the following reasons: property assessment class changes, demolition and razed by fire. Tax appeals can be initiated by advising Revenue Services in writing, stating what change has taken place and when the change occurred. The last day to file a tax appeal for any taxation year is February 28 of the subsequent year. Mail your request to:

Richmond Hill
Revenue Services
225 East Beaver Creek Road

Richmond Hill ON L4B 3P4

How Can I Appeal My Assessment Value?

Why Do Property Taxes Increase?
Richmond Hill is responsible for billing and collecting taxes for the town's purposes. It is also responsible to bill and collect taxes for the Region of York and the school boards. If the annual requirements for these services increase more than the assessment growth within the municipality in any given year, then taxes will increase.

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